[107], Only females are involved in parenting. Le puma peut être apprivoisé. Les mentions proviennent de la partie méridionale de la province au sud du 50e parallèle, essentiellement dans les régions de l'Abitibi-Témiscamingue, de l'Estrie et du Bas-Saint-Laurent[29]. [19] International Union for Conservation of Nature, urinate on it as a way of marking territory, Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, List of fatal cougar attacks in North America, "Use of open, edge and forest areas by pumas Puma concolor in winter: are pumas foraging optimally? Ainsi, les pumas vivant en région tropicale pèsent deux fois moins que les individus du sud du Chili ou du Canada[7]. Cependant, il existe un débat chez les biologistes concernant les dispositifs de prélèvement des échantillons et l'existence même de cougars vivant à l’état sauvage au Québec[32],[33]. The Sacramento Mountain Lions (2010–2012) of the United Football League used the California and southwestern United States regional name of the species. Le pelage du puma est uniforme (concolor signifie « d'une seule couleur »), même si l'on devine parfois des rayures sur ses membres antérieurs[1]. [131] By 2004, the count had climbed to 88 attacks and 20 deaths. In both reports, sheep were the most frequently attacked. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). La masse du puma est comprise en moyenne entre 53 et 72 kg pour les mâles ; le plus gros individu connu faisait 120 kg[3]. [2] The cougar is most closely related to the jaguarundi, as well as the modern cheetah of Africa and western Asia. Chaussures bébé Puma Ralph Sampson Animals V au meilleur prix sur Go-Sport.com – 24h/24 bénéficiez d’un large choix d’articles de sport – Commande en ligne et Livraison rapide ! Traveling alternates with shorter periods of stalking, waiting in ambush, or resting. Individual territory sizes depend on terrain, vegetation, and abundance of prey. C'est un animal qui nage bien mais il ne le fait qu'en cas de menace. Whereas cougars tend to be larger as distance increases from the equator,[35] which crosses the northern portion of South America, jaguars are simply generally smaller north of the Amazon River in South America and larger south of that river. Il y occupe une place similaire à celle du lion dans le bestiaire occidental. Les deux tiers des attaques portaient sur des enfants jusqu'à neuf ans et tous les décès sont survenus sur des jeunes de moins de treize ans. Canadian Geographic reports large male territories of 150 to 1000 km2 (58 to 386 sq mi) with female ranges half that size. Il était autrefois présent dans les forêts du Grand Nord mais il a disparu à la suite de l'extinction des grands ongulés dans cette région[3]. Secretive and largely solitary by nature, the cougar is properly considered both nocturnal and crepuscular, although daytime sightings do occur. Despite its size, the cougar is more closely related to smaller felines, including the domestic cat, than to any species of subfamily Pantherinae, of which only the jaguar is extant in the Americas. Le puma est un animal très vénéré de la mythologie andine. The Cougar Fund – Protecting America's Greatest Cat. [133] Lightly populated New Mexico reported an attack in 2008, the first there since 1974. [147], Fatal attacks by other carnivores such as feral dogs can be misattributed to pumas without appropriate forensic knowledge. Its range spans 110 degrees of latitude, from the northern Yukon Territory in Canada to the southern Andes. The first confirmed sighting in a century was made on September 20, 2015, in Obion county in the north-western corner of West Tennessee. Between one and four new individuals entering a population per decade markedly increases persistence, thus highlighting the importance of habitat corridors. Due to its wide range, it has many names including puma, mountain lion, panther, painter and catamount. Ranges of females may overlap slightly with each other. One study has shown high mortality amongst cougars that travel farthest from the maternal range, often due to conflicts with other cougars (intraspecific competition). The University of Pittsburgh in western Pennsylvania also uses the cougar as its sports mascot and for many other clubs and organizations, but also uses the locally preferred name, "panther", corresponding to nearby geographic features Panther Hollow and Panther Hollow Lake which were named that by 1885, 24 years before the University selected the name for its teams. Le Puma d’Amérique du Nord présente un haut niveau de similarité génétique, ce qui suggère que l’espèce actuelle descend d’un petit groupe d’individus. [19] North American felids then invaded South America 2–4 Mya as part of the Great American Interchange, following formation of the Isthmus of Panama. Bien qu'en forte augmentation sur la période étudiée, les tentatives de prédation reçoivent une couverture médiatique importante en comparaison d'autres prédateurs statistiquement plus dangereux pour l'homme, comme les chiens[43]. [33], Because males disperse farther than females and compete more directly for mates and territory, they are more likely to be involved in conflict. Litter size is between one and six cubs; typically two. The Florida Panthers of the National Hockey League use the name/image of the southeastern United States cougar subspecies, the Florida panther (the state animal), as its mascot. [105] Other research suggests a much smaller lower limit of 25 km2 (10 sq mi), but an even greater upper limit of 1300 km2 (500 sq mi) for males. Les pattes postérieures plus longues que les antérieures - ces premières étant, proportionnellement à la taille, les plus longues de toutes les espèces de félins[7] - sont une adaptation au bond[10]. Il est attesté en espagnol depuis 1602[61]. L’ancêtre commun des lignées Leopardus, Lynx, Puma, Prionailurus et Felis aurait traversé la Béringie et colonisé l’Amérique du Nord il y a environ 8 à 8,5 millions d’années. They are the fourth-largest cat species worldwide;[27] adults stand about 60 to 90 cm (24 to 35 in) tall at the shoulders. [135] Exaggerating the threat to the animal through intense eye contact, loud shouting, and any other action to appear larger and more menacing, may make the animal retreat. [32][31][33][34] Cougar size is smallest close to the equator and larger towards the poles. The interval between births is about two years, but it is less if a litter dies or disperses early. Ces parents : deux pumas eux aussi présents au Parc zoologique, et ce depuis quelques années. At the time of European settlement in the New World, pumas occupied all of what are today the lower 48 United States and southern Canada. Culver et al. [67] The Bay Area Puma Project aims to obtain information on cougar populations in the San Francisco Bay area and the animals' interactions with habitat, prey, humans, and residential communities. Le puma est classé en annexe II de la CITES, c'est-à-dire en espèce vulnérable. La silhouette du puma est fine et musclée et son postérieur est plus haut que sa tête ce qui lui permet de sauter facilement. Le parc zoologique de Paris a accueilli un nouvel animal. [39], The cougar is on average larger than all felid species apart from the lion, tiger, and jaguar. Les différentes références taxinomiques s’accordent à présent pour le rattacher au genre Puma, qui a contenu une seule autre espèce : le Jaguarondi (Puma yagouaroundi). The period shrinks for females raising young, and may be as short as one kill every three days when cubs are nearly mature around 15 months. Updates? In this area the coatí is the puma's chief prey. La version du 3 juin 2007 de cet article a été reconnue comme «, Importance dans les cultures précolombiennes, Les autres facteurs d'explication probables sont la disponibilité et la vulnérabilité des proies ainsi que les contraintes d'un. Les civilisations précolombiennes vénéraient le puma comme un dieu ou un être surnaturel, à l'instar du jaguar. Expedited shipping is not available for orders shipping to APO/FPO addresses, Puerto Rico and other overseas U.S. In college sports teams, Brigham Young University in Utah and Washington State University in the northwestern United States and the University of Houston on the Great Plains of the United States use the cougar as their mascot. The lineages subsequently diverged in that order. Les Incas les tuaient lorsqu'ils s'attaquaient aux guanacos et aux vigognes[17]. It is reclusive and mostly avoids people. Several sports teams currently or in the past have used the cougar as the mascot /nickname for their team, although the name actually used has depended on the most popular regional name for the species. Remedial hunting enables younger males to enter the former territories of the older animals. This finding indicates that cougar and the parasite existed in South America since at least the Late Pleistocene. [132], Within North America, the distribution of attacks is not uniform. Cubs accompany their mother until dispersing at 10–26 months of age, but most die before they can fend for themselves. The power and stealth of the puma have come to epitomize the wilderness, and the cat has therefore received prominent consideration in conservation and recovery efforts. [149][150] In Nevada in 1992, cougars were confirmed to have killed nine calves, one horse, four foals, five goats, 318 sheep, and 400 lambs. The cougar (Puma concolor) is a large cat of the subfamily Felinae. [134], As with many predators, a cougar may attack if cornered, if a fleeing human stimulates their instinct to chase, or if a person "plays dead". Game animals and shooting in North America. In fact, attacks on humans, although exceedingly rare, have occurred. For example, while South American jaguars are comparatively large and may exceed 90 kg (200 lb),[38] those in Mexico's Chamela-Cuixmala Biosphere Reserve weigh about the same as female cougars (approximately 50 kg (110 lb)). L'oestrus dure huit à quatorze jours[15]. The paw print of an adult is approximately 10 cm (3.9 in) long. Des lignes directrices ont été proposées pour sa protection et gestion[44], mais dans la nature, comme la plupart des grands carnivores, cet animal est souvent victime de collision avec des véhicules, empoisonnement, ou est mal accepté par les propriétaires de terrain, de gibier ou d'animaux d'élevage[45],[46]. Cependant, vous pouvez partager et télécharger les Wallpapers, fonds d’écran du blog que vous aimez, pour habiller vos écrans d’ordinateur (et smartphone) Les photos sont libres de droits. D'autres observations auraient été faites dans le Centre-du-Québec et l'Estrie. Le puma est aussi un animal de montagne. Unlike several subordinate predators from other ecosystems, cougars do not appear to take advantage of spatial or temporal refuges to avoid their competitors. La gestation d'un puma est d'une durée de trois mois seulement, et celui-ci atteint une taille pouvant aller de 50 à 80cm une fois arrivé à l'âge adulte, explique le Parc zoologique. [113] Male ranges may include or overlap with those of females but, at least where studied, not with those of other males, which reduces conflict between cougars. Pumas breed throughout the year, with a summer peak in births at higher latitudes. [119][120] In 2003, the documented count for the Florida sub-population was 87 individuals. Il y a actuellement un grand effort de la part de l’État de Floride pour sauver ces panthères locales, leur nombre étant en effet en inquiétante diminution : élevage en captivité, préservation du gibier, reproduction artificielle, etc. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. For your convenience, you will be able to print a pre-paid shipping label for returns from the continental U.S., Alaska and Hawaii. The scat was tested positive as being from a mountain lion. Until 1995 pumas were classified in the genus Felis, which formerly included many much-smaller and less-vocal cats but not the jaguar (Panthera onca). As they grow, they begin to go out on forays with their mother, first visiting kill sites, and after six months beginning to hunt small prey on their own. propose the original North American cougar population was extirpated during the Pleistocene extinctions some 10,000 years ago, when other large mammals, such as Smilodon, also disappeared. Only mothers and kittens live in groups, with adults meeting rarely. It lacks any obvious modifications and is abandoned when the cubs are about 40–70 days old. Prévenez-moi de tous les nouveaux articles par e-mail. [4] In 1774, Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon converted cuguacu ara to cuguar, which was later modified to "cougar" in English. La sous-espèce de l'Est, Puma concolor couguar, qui occuperait actuellement le Sud-Est du Canada (Ontario, Québec, Nouveau-Brunswick et Nouvelle-Écosse), avait apparemment disparu dès la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle mais une faible population semble encore subsister dans une partie de son aire de répartition historique[28]. [16], Felis concolor was the scientific name proposed by Carl Linnaeus in 1771 for a cat with a long tail from Brasilia. The Moche people represented the puma often in their ceramics. Le puma subit la concurrence du jaguar qui ne lui laisse que des proies de taille moyenne[17]. Alternatively, choose a chunky contemporary style in a cool colorway to change up an otherwise classic look. Enfin, il possède quatre doigts munis de griffes longues, pointues et rétractiles. The size of the tooth puncture marks also helps distinguish kills made by cougars from those made by smaller predators. Le puma n'est pas doté d'un os hyoïde élastique et de larges cordes vocales, ce qui ne lui permet pas de rugir[7]. Significant confidence intervals exist with suggested dates. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Le puma est absent des îles (Caraïbes, Antilles), de l'Uruguay ainsi que du centre et de l'est de l'Amérique du Nord. Enfin, il est capable de faire des bonds atteignant 4 à 5 mètres de haut, sans élan[13]. [66], Texas is the only U.S. state with a viable cougar population that is not protected. The coat is variously described as sandy, tawny or greyish with brown, chestnut or "faded" rosettes.

puma animal bébé

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